Beacons are small transmitters or receivers in various sizes, shapes and materials based on Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) or Bluetooth Smart Technology.
What can beacons do?
Beacons broadcast their ID regularly and repeatedly. However, due to their relatively low transmission rate, they are not suitable for transmitting large volumes of data.
If three beacon transmitters are within range of each other, it is not only possible to determine the positions of the individual beacons, but also to trace the paths of a beacon receiver within the room (principle of triangulation).
Software can be used to assign complex functions to the Bluetooth signal, e.g. the sending of high-quality content, services or interactions to receiver devices. The software stores the necessary content in a cloud.
How do beacons work?
The concentric range of the Beacons varies from manufacturer to manufacturer: It is between 60 centimetres and 70 metres. Factors such as air humidity and temperature are decisive, but also which objects are also in the room, for example absorbent or reflective materials. There are beacons for indoor use and tough beacons for outdoor use. Beacons are powered by batteries –with battery life varying between two and five years depending on the performance requirements of the beacons – or by mains connection. Nowadays, there are also beacons that are integrated into LED lamps or powered by solar energy.
Important information about using beacons and implementing beacons in the wingu portal is available here: https://www.wingu.de/was-sind-beacons-ibeacons.